UN Councils

 Security Council

Topic 1: The situation in Libya: establishing peace and countering terrorism and human trafficking
Topic 2: Terrorism and its threat to international peace and security, especially in regards to the prevention of weapon acquisition and state-sponsored terrorism

About the Security Council
The Security Council is the most influential organ of the United Nations. It is responsible for maintaining international security and establishing peace in conflict zones. It consists of fifteen members of which five are permanent members (People’s Republic of China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States of America), and ten temporary members who serve two-year terms. The non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly by a two-thirds majority and represent the regions: Africa, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Caribbean, Western Europe and Eastern Europe. Additionally, the permanent members can veto any resolution. A resolution is adopted if nine or more members vote in favor assuming it is not vetoed by any permanent member. All UN member states are bound by the decisions made in the Security Council. Resolutions are usually enforced by sanctions imposed on member states and UN peacekeeping forces. At last, the Security Council consults the General Assembly on the appointment of the Secretary-General, recognizes new member states and, in consultation with the General Assembly, elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.

Human Rights Council

Topic 1: Creating Safe Working Conditions and Implementing Fair Wages for Ship Breakers in South Asia
Topic 2: Freedom of Press in a World Dominated by Social Media and its Logarithms

About the Human Rights Council
The Human Rights Council promotes and protects human rights throughout the world. In its mandate the Council is assigned the responsibility to coordinate the successful implementation of resolutions concerning human rights and actively reporting human rights abuse. The Human Rights Council is a relatively young UN organ (established in 2006), for it is a successor to the Commission on Human Rights which originated in 1946 as a functional commission subordinate to the ECOSOC. It has 47 members: 13 seats for Africa, 13 for Asia-Pacific states, 6 for Eastern Europe, 8 for Latin-America and Caribbean and 7 for Western Europe and others. Members are elected by the General Assembly by an absolute majority for three-year terms. Members are selected and intensely reviewed on their human rights record. Prior to the UNHRC in the Commission, members with bad records had seats in the Commission.

Economic and Social Council

Topic 1: The Coordination of Humanitarian                            Aid in Regards to Refugee Sheltering
Topic 2: Improper Disposal of Pharmaceutical Pollutants

About the Economic and Social Council
The Economic and Social Council addresses international social, economic and environmental challenges and oversees the work done by the UN specialized agencies, its functional commissions, regional commissions and programs. Like the Security Council it was established in 1945 as one of the main six UN organs. It builds upon commonly agreed development goals and the room for debate and consensus fosters sustainable development in its respectively three pillars. Every year a new theme or issue is singled out as a subject of attention to the council. With 54 members it is one of the biggest bodies in the UN. Annually a third of the ECOSOC is elected by the General Assembly by a two-thirds majority and the members proportionally represent the five world regions. Thus it is possible for some countries to be near-permanent members.

UN Committees

Disarmament and International Security Committee

Topic 1: The Regulation and Ethics of Artificial Intelligence Used for Military Purposes
Topic 2: Implementing Measures to Reduce the Creation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

About the First Committee
The DISEC is the first committee of the General Assembly. It was established in 1945 to specifically discuss dangerous developments in international security and weapon production, both on macro- and micro-level. In the committee member states seek to cooperate through joint actions to diminish national weaponry arsenals or impose sanctions on countries not abiding to general UN policy, however DISEC resolutions have no binding effect. It can recommend the Security Council and, if the Security Council is unable to address the issue, General Assembly which will then discuss the issue.

Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee

Topic 1: Sexual exploitation, abuse and harassment
Topic 2: Combatting the persecution of people with albinism in Africa

About the Third Committee
The Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee is the third committee of the General Assembly. It discusses problems related to the treatment of women and children, indigenous peoples, minorities and discrimination of LGBT civilians, but also judicial affairs like drug control and crime prevention. Its core values are the rights of self-determination and freedom.

Special Political and Decolonization Committee

Topic 1: Implementing Regulations in Regards to Corporate Responsibility in Outer Space
Topic 2: Promoting a Two-state Solution for Illegal Israeli Settlements on Palestinian Soil

About the Fourth Committee
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee deals with specific problems relating to the effects of war on regional livelihood (atomic radiation and mine clearance), countries trying to become sovereign, instability in new member states, the oppression of cultural minorities and the monitoring of UN peacekeeping missions.

UN Agencies

United Nations Environment Assembly

Topic 1: Sustainable Food Production: Reducing Food Waste and its Environmental Impact
Topic 2: Stabilizing African wildlife populations and countering the illegal trade in endangered species and animal products

About the Environment Assembly
The United Nations Environment Assembly was created in June 2012, when world leaders called for UN Environment to be strengthened and upgraded during the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, also referred to as RIO+20. The Environment Assembly embodies a new era in which the environment is at the centre of the international community’s focus and is given the same level of prominence as issues such as peace, poverty, health and security. The establishment of the Environment Assembly was the culmination of decades of international efforts, initiated at the UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972 and aimed at creating a coherent system of international environmental governance.