Topic 1: The situation in Libya: establishing peace and countering terrorism and human trafficking
Topic 2: Terrorism and its threat to international peace and security, especially in regards to the prevention of weapon acquisition and state-sponsored terrorism
About the Security Council
The Security Council is the most influential organ of the United Nations. It is responsible for maintaining international security and establishing peace in conflict zones. It consists of fifteen members of which five are permanent members (People’s Republic of China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States of America), and ten temporary members who serve two-year terms. The non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly by a two-thirds majority and represent the regions: Africa, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Caribbean, Western Europe and Eastern Europe. Additionally, the permanent members can veto any resolution. A resolution is adopted if nine or more members vote in favor assuming it is not vetoed by any permanent member. All UN member states are bound by the decisions made in the Security Council. Resolutions are usually enforced by sanctions imposed on member states and UN peacekeeping forces. At last, the Security Council consults the General Assembly on the appointment of the Secretary-General, recognizes new member states and, in consultation with the General Assembly, elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.